The editorial board of the scientific and practical journal “Theory and Practice of Intellectual Property” is based on ethical standards that comply with Elsevier’s publishing principles.

Obligations of authors (in accordance with existing Elsevier publishing principles)

Reporting standards

Authors of scientific publications, on the basis of original research, must submit an accurate report on the work done and objectively report its importance. The underlying research data should be clearly stated in writing. The article should contain sufficient information and links to the original sources to allow others to use the work. Fraudulent or deliberately inaccurate statements are equated with unethical behavior and are inadmissible. Article reviews and special publications should also be accurate and objective, and the editorial “point of view” should be clear.

Data access and storage

Authors may be asked to provide input for editorial review. They should be prepared to make such data freely available, if possible, and in any case should be prepared to retain such data within a reasonable time after its publication.

Originality and plagiarism

Authors should submit only fully original works, and if authors have used other people’s works and / or statements, they should be properly cited. There are various forms of plagiarism, such as “publishing” someone else’s article for their own sake, copying or paraphrasing a significant portion of another’s text (without attribution), and assigning research results to others. Plagiarism in all its forms is regarded as unethical behavior and is unacceptable. In this case, forms of plagiarism can be “publishing” a foreign article for its own sake, copying or paraphrasing a large part of another’s text (without authorship), assigning the results of studies conducted by others, etc.

Multiple, repeated and competing publications

An author should not publish an article describing essentially the same study in more than one journal or original publication. Submission of an article to more than one journal is at the same time regarded as unethical behavior, similar to self-plagiarism, and is unacceptable. The author should not submit previously published articles to other journals. Posting a secondary publication (such as a translation of an article) in more than one journal is only allowed to comply with the relevant requirements. In particular, the authors and editors of the journals involved must agree that the secondary publication should reflect the same data and the same interpretation as the original document. A secondary article should also include a link to the original article.

Confirmation of sources

Always present the work of other authors correctly. Authors should cite publications that have a fundamental impact on determining the nature and nature of the work presented. Information obtained privately, through private conversation, correspondence or discussion with third parties, should not be used without obtaining open written permission from its source. Also, information obtained from the provision / receipt of confidential services, such as court acts or grant applications, should not be used without the written permission of the service provider.


Authorship should be restricted to those who have made a significant contribution to the concept, design, execution, or interpretation of the claimed research. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Those who participated in some significant aspects of the research project should be reflected in the list of project participants. The author should ensure that the names of all co-authors are listed in the article, and no non-co-authors are included, that all co-authors have read and approved the final version of the scientific work, and have given their consent to its publication.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

All authors should disclose in their scientific publications any financial and other material conflicts of interest that may affect the results of the study or their interpretation. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed. Examples of potential conflicts of interest that need to be disclosed include: employer information, information advice, shareholding, fees, expert fees, patent applications / registrations, grants and other types of financing. All potential conflicts of interest should be identified as early as possible.

Significant mistakes in published works

If an author finds a material error or inaccuracy in his or her published work, he or she must immediately notify the editor or publisher of the issue and assist them in correcting or correcting the error. If the editor or publisher learns from a third party that the published work contains material errors, the author is obliged to immediately remove or correct them, or to provide the editors proof of the correctness of the original article.